Aristotle considered ethics to be a practical rather than theoretical study. One aimed at becoming good and doing good rather than knowing for its own sake.
Aristotle taught that virtue has to do with the proper
function (ergon) of a thing. An eye is only a good eye in so much as it can see, because the proper function of an eye is sight. Aristotle reasoned that humans must have a function specific to humans, and that this function must be an activity of the psuchē (normally
translated as soul) in accordance with reason (logos).
Aristotle identified such an optimum activity of the soul eudaimonia.The aim of all human deliberate action. Eudaimonia is generally translated as "happiness" or sometimes "well being".
But this is not happy as in holiday or party happy. It is an active attitude with which one undertakes action.
To have the potential of ever being happy in this way necessarily requires a good character (ēthikē, aretē), often translated
as moral (or ethical) virtue (or excellence).
To achieve a virtuous and potentially happy character requires a first stage of having the fortune to be habituated not deliberately, but by teachers and experience. Leading to a later stage
in which one consciously chooses to do the best things. When the best people come to live life this way their practical wisdom (phronesis) and their intellect (nous) can develop with each other towards the highest possible human virtue, the wisdom of an accomplished theoretical or
speculative thinker, or in other words, a philosopher.